Published 1982 by Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas in Washington, D.C .
Written in EnglishRead online
|Other titles||Analysis of the Natural Gas Policy Act and several alternatives, part III.|
|Statement||[prepared by Richard P. O"Neill, Marc Sheinberg, and James Tobin]|
|Contributions||Sheinberg, Marc, Tobin, James, United States. Energy Information Administration. Office of Oil and Gas|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiii, 152 p. :bill. ;|
|Number of Pages||152|
Download An analysis of post-NGPA interstate pipeline wellhead purchases
Analysis of post-NGPA interstate pipeline wellhead purchases: an analysis of the Natural Gas Policy Act and several alternatives, Part III Technical Report Not Available The purpose of this report is to analyze the market for natural gas at the wellhead as seen by major interstate pipeline companies.
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Jan 01, · This analysis determines the length in miles of each test section for the specified pressure range and the number of test sections necessary to test the entire pipeline.
Cato Institute Policy Analysis No. Natural Gas Regulation: Throwing Out Supply and Demand December 1, Nolan Ezra Clark. Nolan Ezra Clark is a Washington attorney currently writing a book. GAS CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS. Unlike oil, gas cannot be moved by truck or similar methods; it must be gathered and sent to a sales point.
Gas from several wells is gathered through a series of small pipelines (“gathering lines”) and then the gathering lines will discharge into a larger pipeline.
interstate pipeline has progressively assumed the role of an open access contract carrier.2 As a result, competitive markets for wholesale gas have emerged at the wellhead and have led to the development of spot markets and, more recently, a futures market. In part, Title 1 continued previous Orders of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) that had begun to allow higher wellhead price ceilings several years earlier when in Opinion (and A) almost tripled the ceiling price allowed for interstate wellhead purchases.
Nonetheless, the NGPA included major purchases. Technical difficulties Natural gas reservoirs are mainly distributed in the Langgu and Baxian Sags. For example, in the Langgu Sag, multistage tectonic movements not only created favorable hydrocarbon-rich zones where fault block reservoirs are developed.
Also included in the study are pre-NGPA contracts in the intrastate markets, post-NGPA offshore contracts on file at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and some post-NGPA onshore interstate contracts.
For pre-NGPA interstate contracts, a stratified random sample of large producer contracts was taken from filings at FERC.
From there, gas will travel across one of the largest intrastate and interstate pipeline networks in the U.S., where fee-based contracts support 95% of the company's revenue. Appellant Northwest Central Pipeline Corporation, an interstate pipeline, argues that the KCC's regulation is pre-empted by federal regulation of the interstate natural gas business because it exerts pressure on pipelines to increase purchases from Hugoton producers and so affects their purchase mixes and cost structures, and because it.
Harsh Gupta, Sukanta Roy, in Geothermal Energy, Transmission of Steam. One of the chief considerations in designing a pipeline for the transmission of steam is the choosing of an appropriate diameter for the pipe so that there is not an excessive drop of pressure between the wellhead.
This chapter provides an overview of federal-level regulation of the U.S. interstate natural gas pipeline industry. To help understand the current regulatory framework, we place contemporary rules. An interstate pipeline that provides transportation service under subparts B or G of this part must comply with the following reporting requirements.
(a) and the asset manager's obligation to deliver gas to, or purchase gas from, in conformity with the requirements of 18 CFR of this chapter. THE BUSINESS OF GAS PIPELINE CONDEMNATION: A MULTISTATE ANALYSIS James W Adams, Jr., Craig D.
Stocker, pipeline systems are constructed from steel pipe, which range in 9 The U.S. natural gas pipeline grid is comprised of more than natural gas pipeline systems,miles of interstate and intrastate transmission pipelines, Oct 31, · The U.S.
natural gas pipeline network is a highly integrated network that moves natural gas throughout the continental United States. The pipeline network has about 3 million miles of mainline and other pipelines that link natural gas production areas and storage facilities with consumers.
pp of Institute of Nuclear Materials Management Sixth Annual Meeting. Columbus, Ohio, Institute of Nuclear Materials Management, The 10 Biggest Pipeline Stocks The U.S. has more midstream energy infrastructure than the rest of the planet combined, and the companies that own it can deliver powerful returns for bowvalleychorus.com: Matthew Dilallo.
Curriculum (Programmes of Study in Economics, Political Studies and Social and Environmental Studies at Key Stage 4) Order (Northern Ireland) (Statutory Rule: ).pdf.
PRESENTED AT 14th Annual Gas and Power Institute SeptemberHouston, Texas wellhead – i.e., gas purchase, gathering, processing, and similar agreements (collectively, required under the Natural Gas Act4 for wellhead sales of gas in the interstate market that would survive the expiration of the original gas purchase contract.
PSC v. Mid-Louisiana Gas Co., U.S. () NGPA was enacted. Respondents (interstate pipeline companies that transport natural gas from the wellhead to their customers) petitioned the Court of Appeals for review of both FERC orders, contending that Order No.
58 was based on a misreading of the NGPA and that, in Order No. 98, the FERC. Thus, inthe Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) promulgated Order No. which contained an 12 a result, oil and gas are no longer sold “at the wellhead,” but rather are sold downstream of the wellhead, typically at the interstate pipeline.
Statement of. Donald F. Santa. President and CEO. Interstate Natural Gas Association of America. interstate pipeline network matured to reach every major consuming market in the lower48 states.
In - pipelines were supply aggregators that purchased natural gas at the wellhead and resold it to downstream customers, typically local gas.
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. From the wellhead to the consumer, natural gas pipeline systems provide us with a clean and efficient source of energy.
There are essentially three major types of pipelines along the transportation route: gathering systems, transmission systems, and distribution systems.
Gathering pipeline systems gather raw natural gas from production wells. Jan 06, · Introduction. Enron Corp., which ran a formidable lobbying machine in Washington and state capitals, gained favorable treatment from Congress, federal and state governments and various regulatory agencies on no fewer than 49 occasions from the late s to the company’s bankruptcy in Decembera Center for Public Integrity analysis shows.
To illustrate this point, assume a 14 wellhead produced 1, cubic feet of gas, where it is worth $ per cubic foot. The lessee then gathers the gas, markets it, and delivers it to an interstate pipeline where it is now worth $ per cubic foot.
When the gas arrives at the pipeline, however, only cubic feet of gas remain. Pipeline. Most crude oil shipped long distances in the US goes by oil pipeline.
In58 percent of the petroleum arriving at refineries came by pipeline, up from 48 percent in Inthe United States had thousand miles of interstate oil pipelines, an increase of 29 thousand miles since From the wellhead to the consumer, petroleum pipeline systems provide us with energy fuels and products we use every day.
There are essentially three major types of pipelines along the petroleum transportation route: gathering systems, crude oil pipeline systems, and refined products pipeline. CONOCO Ecuador Confirms Daimi Oil Discovery. By Dam, George Van high rates of return enjoyed by the interstate pipeline industry cannot be explained or justified by a claim of "a high degree of risk" in the industry has been released in a study by the American Petroleum Institute.
In a study by the institute's policy analysis staff, three. Overview of the Transmission Pipeline Industry and Its Regulation Pipelines to transport crude oil were constructed as early as The network of crude transmission pipelines grew during the first half of the 20th century as crude was discovered and produced throughout the United States, especially in Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma.
AT THE WELLHEAD The Natural Gas Policy Act of set the stage for phased deregulation of natural gas prices. It established countless categories of natural gas - old interstate gas, old intrastate gas, new gas discovered in old reservoirs, gas from newly discovered reservoirs, gas from deep wells, gas from tight formations, gas from the Outer Continental Shelf, gas produced with exotic.
Apr 07, · Natural Gas Pipeline Systems: From the Wellhead to the Consumer United States Department of Transportation. PHMSA. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Natural Gas Pipeline Systems: From the Wellhead to the Consumer.
Natural Gas Pipeline Systems: From the Wellhead to the Consumer. Updated: Friday, April 7, Share. A wellhead serves numerous functions, some of which are: Provide a means of casing suspension. (Casing is the permanently installed pipe used to line the well hole for pressure containment and collapse prevention during the drilling phase).
Provides a means of tubing suspension. Saturn Oil & Gas Company, Inc., Petitioner, v. Federal Power Commission, Respondent, F.2d 61 (10th Cir.
) case opinion from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. Savage v. Williams Production RMT Co. Annotate this Case. the offer by Questar to purchase gas at the wellhead was merely evidence to be considered in determining whether there was a commercial market for the gas. The court found that "the gas was marketable only after processing and transportation to the interstate pipeline connection.
Apr 02, · Upon purchase of a regulated utility, most states will set rates based on the net book value of facilities instead of the purchase price. Additionally, states typically bar the inclusion of any. 6 POP and POI contracts are often used for sales of gas at the wellhead to midstream companies that further compress, dehydrate, treat, and process the gas, including separating out natural gas liquids (NGLs) and residue gas, in order to render the gas capable of being accepted into a high pressure, intra- or interstate pipeline in the.
public concern about the pricing of natural gas in U.S. markets (Johnson ). In recent years, prices paid by industrial and electrical end users have fallen more than wellhead prices, while residential and commercial prices have fallen less than wellhead prices (Yücel ).1 The.
JUSTICE BRENNAN delivered the opinion of the Court. In this appeal, we must decide whether a regulation adopted by the State Corporation Commission of Kansas (KCC) to govern the timing of production of natural gas from the Kansas-Hugoton field violates either the Supremacy or the Commerce Clause of the Constitution.
Transcontinental Gas v. State Oil Bd., U.S. () We are confronted again with the issue of a state regulation requiring an interstate pipeline to purchase gas from all the parties owning interests in a common gas pool. The purchases would be in proportion to the owners' respective interests in the pool, and would be compelled even.Dec 22, · The first period MacAvoy examines is tothe era of wellhead price regulation during which serious natural gas shortages developed.
MacAvoy estimates $59 billion in net losses in that period, based on his simulation model runs (not discounting the stream of gains and losses).Feb 24, · Other pipelines with access to West Texas supply, such as Oasis and ET Fuel, may also purchase gas at the wellhead and other supply sources for .